Tuesday, June 2, 2020

Civil Engineering: Objectives, Course Synopsis And Duration

The philosophy and objectives of the Department of Civil Engineering is to produce skilled manpower who understand the fundamentals and principles of the discipline and who can generate appropriate technologies for the nation’s developmental programme in all the areas related to the discipline and agricultural development. 
The objectives of the Department are:
(i)    To train students that has competence in the development of ideas and concepts for the solution of practical civil engineering and agricultural problems using divergent thinking and induction.

(ii)    To train students that will use appropriate technology to modernize civil engineering and agricultural production, processing, storage, preservation and distribution.

(iii)    To train students that will exercise initiative, judgment and creative ability in the use of engineering principles for the solution of civil engineering and agricultural problems.

(iv)    To expose students to the practical aspects of their training so as to prepare them for actual working conditions on graduation through carefully designed and supervised industrial training and site visits.

CVE 201:  ENGINEER IN SOCIETY                 (1 Unit)

Philosophy of science.  History of Engineering and Technology.  The role of the engineer in society.  The engineers and contract determination.  The legal status of COREN and NSE.  The responsibilities and liabilities of an engineer.  Safety in engineering.  Introduction to Risk Analysis

CVE 202:  STRENGTH OF MATERIALS        (2 Units)

Direct Stress:  Hooke’s experiment.  Axially loaded bar, Tensile and compressive stresses.  Strain; tensile and compressive strains.  Stress-stain curves for ductile and brittle materials.  Modulus of elasticity.  Mechanical properties of materials; elastic limits, proportional limit, yield points, ultimate strength.  Modulus of toughness.  Percentage reduction in areas.  Percentage elongation.

Principal stress:  Definition, deductions from Mohr’s circle.  Mohr’s circle method of determining stress and strain.  Working stress, proof stress, Poisson’s ratio, modulus of rigidity.  Factors of safety.  Lateral stresses and strains.  Bars of varying cross sections compound bars under stress and strain.  Temperature stresses.

Torsion:  effects of torsion.  Twisting moment.  Polar second moments of area.  Torsional shearing stresses and strain.  Modulus of elasticity in shear.  Angle of twist.  Rupture.

Shearing force and bending moments.  Simply supported beam.  Loading forces and moments in beams.  Shear and moment equations.  Shear force and bending moment diagrams.


Students would be attached mainly to the Civil Engineering Unit oaf the Works and Services Department of the University for the long vacation period.  Students would be expected to receive some practical training in the area of building construction, maintenance and repairs. 

Detailed report of students experience and activities during the period of attachment would be submitted by the students not later than the first week of the following semester.  These records and other factors would be assessed including oral presentation of experience at a students’ seminar and on-site assessment by University and site based Supervisors will be used for grading purposes.


Student would be attached to Civil Engineering Construction Works.  They would be involved in an expected to receive practical training in any Civil Engineering activities such as:  Surveying, Wood workshop, block laying and concreting, building construction, plumbing works, highway/transportation Engineering planning and construction, water supply treatment, pollution control and waste water management.

Detailed report of students experience and activities during the period of attachment would be submitted by the students not later than the first week of the following semester.  Grading will be based n the written report,  oral presentation in a seminar and on-site assessment by University and industry-based Supervisors.

CVE 301:  ENGINEERING SURVEYING         (3 Units)

Location and setting out of works; roads, bridges, railways, tunnels, pipelines, buildings.  Setting out of simple, compound and reverse curves.  Sectioning; longitudinal and cross profiles.  Calculation of areas and volumes from contours, spot heights and cross-sections.  Curvature correction in earthwork measurements.

Photogrammetry and Hydrographic surveying.  Engineering applications to surveying measurements.

CVE 302:  CONCRETE STRUCTURES            (3 Units)

Concept of reinforced concrete and historical development of its theory and practice.  Analytical and graphical methods of determining forces in members of statically determinate structures.  Slope and deflection equations.  Slope and deflection in beams.  Bending and shear stresses: theory of simple bending; neutral axis, moment of resistance, section modulus, beam of uniform strength, shear stresses in beams.

Introduction to design of concrete members.  Slabs, rectangular beams, Tee and El beams, singly and doubly reinforced.  Columns Footings; column footings.  Strip, raft and pile foundations.  Retaining walls.  Concrete technology, steel shuttering and formworks.

CVE 303:  HYDRAULICS I                     (3 Units)

Fundamental principles of hydraulics: continuity, energy and momentum.  Open channel flows: uniform flow, gradually varied flow.  Flow resistance.  Mannings and Chezy’s equations.  Application of the energy, momentum, and continuity equations in combination.  Specific energy.  Flow in conduits; classification of laminar and turbulent flows.  Less inlets, bends, outlets etc.  Application of continuity, energy and momentum to closed conduit flow.  Pipe systems; reservoir/pipe combinations.  Hardy cross-flow measurements.

CVE 304:  HYDRAULICS II                     (3 Units)

Simulation of complex flow fields using sources, sinks, uniform flows and doublets and combination of vortices.  Steady and unsteady flows in open channels.  Dimension analysis and similitude.  Hydraulic modeling techniques.  Pipe network analysis.  Design of reticulation systems.  Unsteady flow in pipes with special emphasis on water hammer and the use of surge tanks.

CVE 305:  STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS & DESIGN I         (3 Units)

Introduction to structural analysis.  Degree of statical indeterminacy and stability.  Methods of solving determinate beams, frames arches and trusses.  Bending moments and shearing forces.  Displacement of beams, pin-pointed frame works, using virtual work method.  Influence lines of shearing forces and moments of statically determinate beams and trusses..  Moment distribution.  Conjugate beams, trusses and three-hinged arches.

Design fundamentals – approach, means of evaluation.  Regulation, codes of practice.  Design philosophy with regards to elastic design, load factor method and limit state design.  Introduction to reinforced concrete.  Limit state analysis/design of reinforced concrete beams, columns, slabs etc.  Shear bond and anchorage considerations.  Detailing of simple reinforced concrete elements and bar bending schedule


Analysis of indeterminate structures by virtual work and energy methods.  Suspension bridges.  Elastic center and column analogy methods.  Analysis of two-hinged and fixed arches.  Influence lines for indeterminate structures influence line diagrams for reactions, shear force, moments and deflections.  Shear stress distribution.  Matrix methods.  Steel Design: steel section.  

Introduction to BS 449.  Simple beam design, simple and eccentric loading.  Reinforced concrete design.   Introduction to CP 114 OR Nigerian code; simple beam design, elastic analysis.  Short and long columns.  Design of slabs.  Timber design and composite beams.  Design in criteria bending and deflection.  Prestressed concrete design.

CVE 307:  CIVIL ENGINEERING DRAWING             (2 Units)

Symbols and conventions.  Dimensions, notes, titles, working or construction drawing and relation to specifications.  Plans: floors. Foundations, framing and roof plans.  Sections and details; section, building section and sectionals elevations, Drawings and detailing of civil engineering structures e.g bridges, dams, foundations etc.

CVE 308:  ENGINEERING GEOLOGY             (3 Units)

Geological structures, earth movements.  Rocks and minerals: Classification of rocks.  Mapping and time scale in geology.  Regional geology of Nigeria.  Weathering and erosion, their effects on road and bridge construction.  Landslides and other crustal displacements; Seismic effects/events; construction condition is seismic areas.  Rheological events and their effects on settlement of structures.


Physical and mechanical properties of specific construction materials, behaviour of materials and structures under load, ferrous and non-ferrous metals (cement, asphalt and wood).  Design and manufacture of cement concrete.  Surface treatment of concrete, Design and manufacture of Asphaltic concrete.  Use of tars, Cutbacks, emulsions and bituminous materials in road construction and maintenance works.

Use of timbers, glass, plastics, asbestos.  Clay bricks and other materials in construction.  Laboratory tests on  cement, steel reinforcement, asphalt, tar bituminous materials, wood, bridge, sand crete, blocks etc


Determination of areas and volumes, setting-out of engineering plans and specifications.  Costs and accounting systems – Quantity taking – off, planning and scheduling.  Bill of Quantities.  Scheduling.  Contractor’s estimate preparation, purchasing and expediting.  Bill of Quantities.

CVE 312:  SOIL MECHANICS I                  (3 Units)

History of soil mechanics; its importance and the application of its principles to problems associated with building foundations, highway embankments and cuts.  Soil as an engineering material.  Origin, physical and chemical nature of soils.  Engineering properties of soils.  Soil structure, seepage, capillary flow nets and permeability.  Compaction of soils.  Consolidation and moisture – density relationship shear strength and stress distribution in soils.  Laboratory tests on soils.

CVE 314:  TRANSPORTATION ENGINEERING                         (2 Units) 

Introduction to transportation engineering.  Modes of transportation systems; land, air and water transportation systems.  Planning, design and maintenance of bridges and tunnels,  Traffic controls and signals.


Students would be attached to Civil Engineering Companies (Construction and Consulting Firms).  They would be expected to receive sufficient practical training in construction and site management and be familiar with contract documents, conditions of contract, technical specification and contract supervision.

Detailed report of students experiences and activities during the period of attachment would be submitted by students not later than the first week of the following semester.  Grading will be based on the written report, oral presentation in a similar and on-site assessment by University and industry-based supervisors.


Soil exploration, sampling and in-situ attesting techniques.  Bearing capacity, stress distribution and settlement.  Design of shallow and deep foundations including pile loading tests and rate of settlements.  Single piles, pile group behaviours.  Foundation for offshore structures.  Pile driving dynamics, cofferdams, bracing and strutting techniques.  Field trip to construction sites. 

CVE 403:  CIVIL ENGINEERING PRACTICE            (2 Units)

Nature of civil engineering.  Relationships in Civil Engineering projects; client, consultants, contractor.  Preconstruction planning; preliminary investigations and Report; Economic justification and cost-benefit ratio.  Design calculations, Specification.  Types of contract. Tendering procedure; contract documents, Tenders Board, Award of contract; forms of  contract Agreement.

Contract Administration: contractor programme: Role of Engineer, Duties of Resident Engineer and Site Engineer.  Variation orders, Interim payment certificated; Retention money; Final payment certificate; Liquidated damages; Arbitration; engineer as expert witness; Professional institutions; Professional ethics. 


Advanced moment distribution methods.  Sway effects and modified stiffness methods for multi-bay and multi-storey structures.  Ultimate load analysis.  Model analysis.  Matrix methods of analysis.  Computer applications in structural analysis and design.

Limit state philosophy and design in steel, basic concepts of elastic and plastic design.  Design and detailing of structural steel elements – tension members, beams girders and struts/columns.  Design of connections in structural  steel.  Beam-column design.  Introduction to the complete design of industrial/agricultural buildings in structural steel.  Design of reinforced concrete slabs and yield line theory of slabs.
Design of retaining walls and foundations. 

CVE 407:  SOIL MECHANICS II                (3 UNITS)

Mineralogy of  soils.  Soil structures.  Compaction and soil stabilization. Standard proctor compaction.  The modified ASSHO and West African Standard Compaction.  Stabilization of soils with lime, cement bitumen, etc.  Consolidation and consolidation settlement.  Site investigation.  Laboratory and coursework.

CVE 409:  HIGHWAY ENGINEERING           (3 Units)

Soil engineering aspects of highways.  Railways and airfields.  Highway geometrics.  Pavement structure and design.  Pavement materials and laboratory tests. Fundamentals of traffic engineering.  Traffic studies and analysis; origin – destination survey and traffic counts.  Route surveying and planning.  Geometric design of routes (road, railways, tunnels, etc; straight, curved, super-elevation, transition curves, etc.


Energy methods in structural mechanics.  Matrix methods of structural analysis.  Flexibility and stiffness methods of structural analysis.  Flexibility and stiffness methods.  Elastic instability.  Limit analysis of frames. 

Limit state design in timber.  Design of structural elements in timber and connector.  Plastic theory and design in steel.  Composite design and construction in steel and reinforced concrete.  Design for torsion and steel and reinforced concrete.  Design of structural foundations in steel and reinforced concrete.  Limit state philosophy of pre-stressed concrete, design for flexure, losses of cable concordancy.  End block design of pre-stressed sections.

The design of steel plate firders.  Basic consideration of crane and gantry girders.  Modem structural for tall buildings, lift shafts, shear walls, consideration of various structural systems.  Design projects in reinforced concrete, structural steel and timber.


Planning of  surface irrigation scheme, need for command water study and canal discharge.  Depth and frequency of irrigation and rotation of supply.  Design and layout of canals, problems of erosion, sedimentation, seepage and other losses and maintenance, irrigation structures.

Methods of soil drainage; surface and sub-surface system open and pipe drainage techniques.  Design of drainage layout.  Use of drainage in land reclamation.  Legislation and agricultural acts.  Education and incentives, individual community action.  Water user association.

CVE 503:  GEOTECHNICAL ENGINEERING I             (2 Units)

Role of the Geotechnical Engineer in construction.  Physical properties of soils. Factors governing soil formation.  Soil classification.  Introduction to permeability, seepage and filter requirements.  Principle of effective stress.  Consolidation and settlement calculation.  Shear strength of soils.  Bearing capacity of soils. Types and analysis of retaining wells.  Use and general characteristics of piles.  Pile driving formula.  Efficiency of pile groups.  Tunneling practice.

CVE 504:  GEOTECHNICAL ENGINEERING II            (2 Units)

The behaviour of rocks and soils in building and engineering construction, foundations, tunnels dams and flood control works with particulars reference to the importance of the mineral composition of earth and rock-materials, their geomorphic and geological features and stress history.  Shoreline engineering, earthquake problems  introduction to rock mechanics, mining engineering, rock excavation, drilling and blasting techniques.


Highway planning: survey, data collection and analysis.  Highway location, design and economics.  Modes of transportation.  Special characteristics or road, rail, water and air transportation.  Coordination of all transportation media.  Traffic studies.  Design of traffic control and signals.  Design of bridges and tunnels.  Parking facilities.


Pavement structures and design. Highway, railway and airport pavements.  Construction materials, construction and maintenance.  Flexible, rigid and composite pavement designs.  Construction of asphaltic and cement concrete pavements.  Pavement failures, maintenance overlays.  Soil engineering aspects of highways, railways, harbours and airfields.  California bearing Ratio (CBR) method extended to airports.  Portland Cement Association method for rigid airport pavements.   Hill road geometrics, construction and drainage.  Administration and finance of highways.  Traffic safety sand management.  General road maintenance.

(3 Units)

The hydraulics of open channels and wells.  Drainage.  Hydrograph analysis.  Reservoir and flood-routing.  Hydrological forecasting.  Hydraulic structures; dykes, dykes/levees, weirs, docks and harbours, stillways, stilling basins, man holes and coastal hydraulic structures etc.  Engineering economy in water resources planning.

(3 Units)

The work of the Sanitary Engineer.  Water supply, treatment and design.  Waste water collection, treatment, disposal and design.  Solid waste collection, treatment, disposal and design of systems.  Solid waste: mechanical compaction, incineration, pyrolisis, composting, sanitary landfill, recycle and re-use.

Air pollution and control: effects on the atmosphere, humans, animals and plant life; effects on economic materials and structures.


Numerical techniques for structural and geotechnical engineering such as residual, variational, finite-difference, finite element and boundary element methods.  Selected numerical analysis topics and solution algorithm. 

CVE 510:  BRIDGE DESIGNS                 (2 Units)

Superstructure and substructure design.  Design of simple span and continuous span bridges including slab, beam and truss types.  Introduction to orthotropic steel plate deck bridges.  Suspension bridges.


Engineering study of the materials and equipment used in electrical and mechanical services of buildings (Lifts/elevators, air conditioners, etc).  Design of building services components; modern building operation; selection of necessary equipment.  Specific topics like illumination of buildings, comfort, heat loss and hat gain, air conditioning and climate control, water supply and fire protection Drainage systems, plumbing and sewage disposal, elevators and escalators, building.


Theory of elasticity.  Plates in flexure and finite difference methods of structural analysis.  Partial  differential equations.  Thin-stretched membrane and relaxation techniques.  Analysis and design of cylindrical shell, polygonal and domes and praboloid.

Analysis of plates and shells, frames, columns and plate instability.  Design optimization, structural dynamics, structural safety, similitude in Engineering.  Beams on elastic foundations, piled structures.


Aims and scope of planning; the social, economic and physical planning.  Origin of modern town and city planning.  Consideration of the nature of urban communities, regions and the complexity of the urban environment.

Housing and zoning pattern.  Residential, industrial and commercial area development.  Quantity methods of analysis, Growth distribution of income; population projections; resources allocation, migration patterns, effects of urbanization.  Field study and design of urban and rural forms spacing.  Rural planning.


Application of operations research and system analysis techniques to transportation system.  (passenger and freight).  Network flows.  Routing and scheduling, Technology selection, Terminal operation.

Techniques for design of transportation systems including networks of fixed facilities and route networks.  Time-saving improvements.  Use of low-capital cost options and the role of demonstration projects.  Evaluation of alternative designs.


Principles of analysis and design for earth and rock fill dams.  Materials, construction methods, internal and external; stability, seepage and drainage, performance monitoring. Reservoir design studies.

CVE 516:  WASTE MANAGEMENT ENGINEERING                  (3 Units)

Quantity and quality of wastewater including parameters for the determination of quantity and qualities.  Planning, design and constructions of wastewater treatment plants.  Treatment of wastewater: physical, chemical and biological processes; including activated sludge and trickling filters.  Sludge treatment and disposal.  Land treatment of wastewater using aerated lagoon and anaerobic ponds.  

Wastewater disposal methods including water dependent and water – independent methods.  Pollution in rivers, lakes oceans and water bodies.  Organizations and regulations controlling wastewater management. Water quality and health.

Solid Waste Management:    Properties of solid water, quantity and qualities determination, collection, transportation and disposal methods (sanitary land fills, incineration and compositing open dumping).  Leach ate and its control in sanitary landfill. Organizations and regulations controlling collection, management and disposal. 

CVE 322:  WATER SUPPLY ENGINEERING            (2 Units)

Water uses-domestic, industrial and other uses – demand calculations including fire and leakage sources of and their characteristics.  Pipe and pipe materials.  Intake works-pumping station.  Water quality-physical, chemical and bacteriological quality waters.  Water treatment – screening, sedimentation, coagulation, filtration and disinfection.  Design of various water treatment plan units.  Water distribution systems.  Rural water supply – rain water harvesting spring tapping.

CVE 421:  WASTE WATER ENGINEERING            (2 Units) 

Objectives of waste water treatment.  Waste water collection – sources, quantity of waste water, sewage systems, sewer appurtenances.  On outline of the biochemistry of water and waste – bacteria and their enzymes.  Aerobic and anaerobic processes, oxygen demand and strength.  Waste water treatment – theory and design of different stages of sewage treatment plant; trickling filters, activated sludge, statexture ratio channel slope, total fall (relief) stream classification and other features.  Soil and vegetation features of watershed with relation to other characteristics and water yield and water quality.

Hydrologic Study of Watershed:
Hydrological data collection from watershed.  Watershed analysis and water research methods; single, paired and multiple, watershed methods, calibration of watershed.  Analysis, interpretation and application of watershed hydrological data.

Aspects of Watershed Management:
Impact pf watershed management of water yield and water quality.  Land use and water use interaction.  Principles of range and forest management for water and soil conservation.  Curative, protective and administrative measures.  Manipulation of vegetation cover for water yield management.

CVE 521:  HYDRAULIC STRUCTURES I            (2 Units)

Need for hydrological structures, types and their locations.  Types of design-hydrologic.  Design of simple bearing structures retaining walls, water bearing walls and tanks.  River training-types of rivers, sedimentation and erosion, meandering of rivers, water ways and navigation, slices, lock and locks and gates, cutoff, embankments, maintenance of river channels and beds.  

Hydropower –hydropower potential, classes of hydroelectric station and components of hydrostations.  Hydraulic machines-reciprocating and centrifugal pumps, turbines – impulse and reaction turbines.  Peltom Wheel, Francils turbine and Kaplan turbine. Wharves and jetties, river and seafronts, breakwaters.  Design of minor irrigation scheme-hand turbewell, traditional methods of water lifting small earth dams.


Design of reservoir.  Site selection.  Types and zones of storage.  Reservoir yield.  Sage yield.  Fixation of storage capacity by mass curve method, residual mass curve method.  Reservoir sedimentation.  Dams; classification according to use, design and materials  Design of gravity dams, earth and rockfall dams.  Forces acting of dams.  Physical factors governing selection of types of dams, selection of site of a dam.  

Spillways, types of spillways, straight, drop, ogles, side channel, shaft and siphone.  Design of an ogee spillway, dynamic forces on spillways.  Spillway crest gates.  Energy dissipators; type of energy dissipators below overflow spillway and their selection.  Hydraulic design of stilling basins and bucket type of energy dissipators.  Outlet works, sluiceways and intakes.  Intake structure, design principles, silt control device.  Design of weir.  Design of impervious regulator, silt control headworks.

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